Treatment of Facial Lines, Furrows and Wrinkles


Lines, furrows and wrinkles – clinically called rhytides – are typical of aging skin and are attributed to the irregular thickening of the dermis, coupled with the decrease in the amount of water held by the epidermis.

Genetic tendency, skin phototype, exposure to environmental conditions and lifestyle choices are some of the factors that can affect the degree of severity of these seemingly alarming changes in a person’s appearance.

Facial Lines and Wrinkles

Aside from natural aging processes, there are several factors which appear to be the most common culprits, including:

  • sun damage
  • muscle movement
  • gravity
  • surgery
  • injury
  • acne
  • skin diseases with a tendency to scar
  • smoking, and
  • exposure to environmental toxins such smog and dust.

With lines, there is often a degree of irregularity and asymmetry, as people tend to smile, smirk or frown more on one side than the other. This is in addition to the common preference to sleep on the right or the left cheek.


Furrows are actually deeper lines and clinically classified as either dynamic or static. Dynamic lines appear with movement of the facial muscles. Eventually however, dynamic lines become static lines and will surface permanently and fixedly despite muscle movements.

Common form of furrows include

  • crow’s feet, which appears around the eyes due to smiling and activity of the eyelid muscles
  • worry lines, that emerges on the forehead due to contraction of the frontalis muscle when raising the eyebrows, and,
  • frown lines which develops between the eyebrows, as a result of the contraction of muscles when we are angry or concentrating.

Another aging challenge is sagging skin. A reduction of the fat cells under the skin, loss of collagen and elastin fibers, along with gravity, cause the lax tissue to sag. These are factors that would result to skin laxity or drooping. Parts of the face that sags and bags include the forehead, upper and lower eyelids, eyes (would appear hollow), jowls, neckline, earlobes, tip of the nose and upper lip.


Today, the field of cosmetic care and surgery has developed advanced technologies and remarkable innovations to address the problem on wrinkles, lines and furrows. A younger appearance and improved complexion is not far fetched.

Best results can be obtained with the range of cosmetic procedures available today. These range from topical retinoids and anti-aging formulas pumped with vitamins, alpha hydroxy acids and various plant extracts, to various resurfacing techniques including chemical peels and medical microdermabrasion.

Implants in the form of temporary or permanent dermal fillers can lift individual lines and furrows. BOTOX® treatment can paralyze the muscles that are responsible for frown lines, crow’s feet and forehead lines. When you are ready to minimize the appearance of aging skin, contact Pretty Faces Atlanta to see which option is best for you!